What is varicose veins on the legs

Problems with the vascular system of the feet to be met with more than half of the population of the planet. The greatest discomfort presents to the patients vein specialists varicose veins on the legs. The pathology is characterized by a decrease of the tonus of the vessel walls and the extension of their vehicle. Following the release of steppers veins reverse blood flow in the human body is disrupted. What are the complications involves of varicose veins and how to fight it, following analysis in our material.

The diagnosis of varicose veins

The general characteristics and the reasons of varicose veins

Vascular dysfunction feet initially formed at the bottom of a malfunction of the valves of the veins. Here, it is useful to know that, thanks to the force of gravity, the heart's blood freely comes up to the bottom of the members. In the opposite direction of the blood flow moves under the effect of the natural pressure of which create the lining of blood vessels healthy. This wave is sufficient to overcome the force of gravity.

If the tonus of vessels is broken, the organization strives to push the blood through the vessels. It is for this reason, you increases the HELL (arterial pressure). These "efforts" venous valves work worse, not sleep the entirety of his sash with every beat of the heart of man. The blood, in this case, the deep veins actively penetrates into the surface, which causes them to be additional too full.

The causes of varicose veins of the lower limbs are factors:

  • Heredity (the transmission of the disease by a line male or female).
  • Hormonal Disturbances, on a background of an autoimmune process, pregnancy, childbirth, or diseases of the reproductive system.
  • Sedentary type of activity, or vice-versa, is associated with a long standing on the feet.
  • A sedentary way of life.
  • Excess weight (obesity).
  • The strength exercises in the sitting position, or squat.
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Long stay under the sun.

The symptoms and the first signs of

The symptoms of varicose veins may vary in a certain extent, the intensity function of the general state of the patient and the stage of the disease. And the signs of the pathology are not always explicit. One common characteristic of varicose veins of the legs is a condition that is called the term of "heavy legs". It is on one of the stages of the pathology, the patient feels heaviness in the legs after a day of work or even in the morning, after sleep.

I and II of the phase of varicose veins: signs and symptoms

For the early stages of the vascular pathology feet characterized by a kind of signs. Thus, when stage 1 is marked by these symptoms:

  • vascular figure in the form of asterisks or spots on the legs;
  • swelling of legs after wearing shoes, and even socks;
  • night cramps in the calf;
  • the fatigue and heaviness in the legs.

2 the stage of the pathology of the patient are symptoms:

  • the swelling of the veins after a long walk in uncomfortable shoes, or after long periods of standing;
  • viewing increased in the volume of the vessels;
  • stakeholders and bulging knots in the veins of the legs;
  • itching in the places of the inflammation of the veins;
  • the redness of the skin.

III and IV of the phase of varicose veins

For a worsening of varicose veins of the legs already characterized by signs of complications. Look at the image in the following manner:

The treatment of varicose veins
  1. Phase 3. On the bottom of the symptoms listed above, the patient is accompanied by almost constant swelling of the legs. It Can sometimes fade away in the morning.
  2. Step 4. The patient above redness of the skin appears a the beginning of ulcer formations. The place of the future trophic ulcer is covered with a whitish, if lacquered patina. When his damage is rvle trophic wound oozing almost constantly. The position is dangerous, that the lesions may secondarily become infected, which leads to the discharge site of the inflammation.

When to see a doctor, and what

As soon as the first symptoms of the manifestation of the initial stages of varicose veins it is advisable to speak to a specialist considering. This doctor deals with the problems of blood vessels. If in your clinic, this doctor is not, you can get advice of angiosurgeon or just by ben oda. It is understood that in the initial stages to stop the process of development of varicose veins conservative methods possible. Improvement of the treatment tactic and the compliance with all the requirements of the doctor can feel a new lightness in the legs.

The diagnosis

For a good and effective in the treatment of varicose veins on the legs first need an accurate diagnosis. This is to determine the extent of vascular problems. For the diagnosis of pathology of the veins, use these methods:

  1. A visual inspection of the leg of the patient is mandatory palpation and visible vessels.
  2. Ultrasound or Doppler flowmetry, giving the possibility of a doctor to evaluate the speed of the blood through the vessels and the total filling of the steppers veins.
  3. The scanning of the leg vessels. Also helps to assess the state of the valves of the system and the veins.
  4. The thermography. In this case, for the diagnostic use of infrared radiation.
  5. The echo-guided sclerotherapy. The essence of the methodology lies in the introduction, in the light of the veins sclerosing substance in small doses, and the continuation of the examination of vessels on the subject of inflammation of squares.
  6. Venography it. Technical standard MRI.
  7. Phleboscintigraphy. Here, specialists use radionuclides to study lymphatic and venous systems feet.

Methods of treatment of the lower limbs

Drug therapy

Treat spider veins on the legs on the early stages with the help of medication. And efficient enough. The type and the name of the drug is chosen according to the severity of the condition of the patient.

For the outer (local) in the application of specialist phlebology may prescribe medication, in the form of gels, creams or ointments.

Also for the reception inside prescribe anticoagulant medications, who have managed to thin the blood and prevent blood clots.

On the background of the observation of the therapy of the patient for the treatment of varicose veins prescribed and other drugs, supporting the work cardiovascular and circulatory systems. As well, shows medications and supplements:

  1. Vitamins. In particular, vitamin c and the vitamins of group S.
  2. Ointments nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Well relieve the inflammation and reduce redness of the skin.
  3. Angioprotectors. Prescribed for strengthening the tone of the veins and the reduction of the capillary permeability.
  4. Endovenous electrocoagulation

The surgical treatment of varicose veins minimally invasive and healthy methods operational

During stage 3-4 varicose veins of the legs shown in the rapid intervention to remove diseased blood vessels, preventing the blood circulation. Depending on the origin of the patient's condition, you can use one of the minimally invasive techniques, or a full surgical intervention.


This non-surgical type of procedure lies in the introduction in the light of the veins of special drugs-sclerosants (phlebosclerosis of the substance). Their basic alcohols. Generally, all these medicines are strictly intravenous is the injection method. These substances cause the total destruction of the endothelial (inner) layer of the vessel and its pursuit of the contraction (hardening). In the wake of the lumen of the vessel or decreases significantly, or as a gel.

The more often doctors are using these medications:

  • The soap fatty acid and salt. It is valued, calpesol, sotradecol, thrombovar, or varicose veins.
  • The cell poisons. It is the nonstop italic with urethane, a solution of corrosive sublimate of 1 to 5 %, have vistaril, etc
  • Hypertensive compositions, dehydrating the sex of vienna. The solution of sodium salicylate 20% to 40%, the sodium bromide to 30%, sodium chloride is 24 % of.
  • The organic solutions cauterizing. Ethyl alcohol, the glucose of the solution of 66% or dextrose.

Combined phlebectomy

This technique of surgery involves the use of several techniques. But in the first place the patient in a vertical position, mark the location of all the veins inflamed to remove. The marking is carried out under the control of an ULTRASOUND of the vessels of the legs.

When integrated phlebectomy, apply the steps of the intervention:

  • Crossectomy. Otherwise, the procedure is called ligation and parallel to the intersection of the small and/or the great saphenous vein. The ligation is carried out in the area of the anastomoses with the vessels of the legs. Crossectomy performed through trained in the area of the fold of the groin res. Its length is from 3 to 5 see Then, the ben the teen comes more from vienna to its mouth in the femoral artery, and subtracted from vienna-tributaries. The trunk of BPO (greater saphenous vein) crosses. It remains only to his stump of about 5 mm wide, Iup inguinal incision, the ben the ado proceeds to the next step — Stripping.
  • Stripping. Or, alternatively, the removal of the trunks of large or small saphenous vein. Through two endoscopic cup, located on the two edges of the inflammation of the vein. In this case, an inguinal incision is already. Through it into the cavity of the patient vessel introduced a special probe, having at the end of the special large-oliwa of the cutting edge. The probe is progressing until the end of the phase ignites a vessel, and there is stitched to him. Then, the ben, the teen pulls patient receptacle, such as twisted upside down. In parallel to the cutting of oliva cut off the vein from the surrounding tissue and capillaries. This method of removing a patient from vienna is the most reliable, but it is very traumatic, because suffer surrounding vessel tissue.
  • The liquidation (ligation) perforating veins. In this case, the ben the ado simply bandage perforation of vienna through small incisions on the skin of the value 1-2 see
  • Minila phlebectomy. The method of removal of varicose veins (small sections) and the nodes through small endoscopic incisions. In this case, if it is not necessary to remove a large or a small subcutaneous vienna.
The refusal of bad habits

Conservative treatment

The diet in the treatment of varicose veins

To increase the tonicity of the vessel walls and greatly do you thin the blood, you need to review your diet. Refuse to these products:

  • any form of alcohol,
  • fat and dishes
  • grenades in excess
  • fatty acids refined oils.

To improve the condition of the veins of the legs, you can and you should consume these products:

  • onions
  • honey,
  • the grapes
  • tomatoes,
  • the fruits and berries of the season.

Also displays a hearty drinking mode of calculation of 30 ml of water for 1 kg of patient's weight.

The refusal of smoking

It is important to understand that smoking promotes the formation of blood clots and is severely disruptive to the coagulation of the blood. To suffer not only the components of the blood, but the blood vessel wall. Their elasticity dramatically reduced, which does not play on the hand of the patient with varicose veins. Therefore, in order not to aggravate the situation, there is an urgent need to deny dependency.

Compression garment (bottom, knee socks, tights)

Compression — one of the effective ways to prevent further progression of varicose veins. Similar to underwear (socks, stockings and tights) distributes the intensity of the flow of blood to the heart. As a result, the load on the walls of the blood vessels is significantly reduced, and the light of the diseased veins back relatively normal. It is very important to understand that implicit in the jersey of the formula of compression repeats exactly the load that can form in the calf muscles during an intense movement of the feet. Then there is blood in the veins of the lower limbs does not stagnate, even though a sedentary way of life. All of the compression garment according to the degree of intensity of the compression can be classified into 4 types:

  1. Preventive shirt. Has a compression rate of 10 mm to 18 mm hg. item Shows to bring people with a genetic predisposition to varicose veins.
  2. The first-class hosiery. The degree of compression in this case is 18 to 22 mm of hg. item Applied on the initial stage of varicose veins and prevention of varicose veins when the enhanced weight training exercise or when the excess of body weight.
  3. The second class of the hosiery. The level of compression — 23-32 mmhg.art. This type of lingerie is indicated for thrombophlebitis or when the varicose veins, based on the merits conducted by an intervention.
  4. The third class of the hosiery. The compression is 33-46 mm hg. the item Shows thrombosis of the deep veins, or after operations.
  5. The fourth class. Elastic lingerie has the compression rate of 49 mm hg. the item That jersey worn in the severe forms of thrombosis or when lymphostasis to improve the lymphatic drainage.
Complications of varicose veins

The traditional methods of treatment of varicose veins

If the varicose disease has not given complications and treatment of the pathology in place of drugs, you can use it as a treatment of folk and methodology. And can be applied as compresses and tinctures for consumption inside. Here, we consider the most popular versions of the national treatment of varicose veins.

The herbal teas and infusions

For the purposes of the application of homeopathy you can use these herbs and plants:

  1. The chestnut. To prepare a tincture. Pour 10 gr. of crushed fruits of chestnut 100 ml of vodka. All put in a glass container, and insist for about 10 days in a dark place. The mixture is shaken periodically. At the end of the tool of the tail and take 15-20 drops per day before meals (morning and evening).
  2. The celandine. In the juice of the plant moisten bint, and impose in the form of compresses. The bandage secure on 4 hours, and then rinse with warm water. One treatment a week. After that, take a break of 10 days and repeat the treatment. The complex extends over three of these courses.
  3. The fern. Here take the milk curd (3 tablespoons) and dry grass (3 tablespoons). All mixes and distributed in the gauze. A dressing is applied to a wound to the ankle and secure the band for three hours. Such processing techniques, it is better to use it in the evening before bedtime.
  4. Chamomile. From the plant to make a decoction (in a glass of boiling water put 2 tablespoons of herbs). After this, the tool to insist 30-40 minutes and the tail. Ready to infusion is used as the fluid compresses. Chamomile is well removes spider veins, and these reasons.


It should be remembered that varicose veins — pathology irreversible. This is why it is desirable already now time to think about the health of the feet and root to change their way of life. Remember, the health of your feet depends on you. Especially if the development of the pathology of a predisposition.