Varicose veins

The pathological changes in the structure of venous blood vessels is the cause of varicose veins, in consequence of which a worsening of their permeability, elasticity, and produces a thinning of the wall and the formation of specific nodes.

Differentiate between several types of varicose veins:

  • of the lower limbs;
  • the rectum;
  • of the spermatic cord;
  • pelvic.

In the use of property is settled, the term "varicose veins", but in the official medicine of such a concept and the diagnosis not because it is of varicose veins.

The symptoms and signs

The disease, which spreads to the lower limbs, with symptoms:

  • formation of varicose veins, which are emitted above the surface of the skin, with a gnarled sealing;
  • the swelling in the area of the feet, accompanied by a sense of gravity, which is concentrated in the area of the ankle. Is often the result of a charge during the day and manifests itself in the evening;
  • appear periodic pain in the legs;
  • from time to time worried about the cramps in the calves and the feeling of begonia tingling, usually at night;
  • the subsequent step is different from the expressed trophic disorders of the skin in the lower third of the leg: the pigmentation, the o-ring, dermatitis and as an extreme manifestation of ulcer trophic.

A consequence of the development of varicose veins rectal, is the appearance of hemorrhoids. It is accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

  • itching, burning, discomfort in the anus, particularly aggravated after the consumption of alcohol, the taking of the bath or of the physical load;
  • hemophilia in the last stages to various degrees of intensity;
  • inflammation and loss of the hemorrhoid.


The development of varicose veins of the lower limbs passes through three stages.

It is important! When the first manifestations of varicose veins is the role of the therapeutic and preventive measures, when their implementation greatly increases the chance to prevent the development of the disease.

On varicose veins at an early stage of the event, evidenced by a feeling of heaviness, swelling, aching pain in the legs. In this period, you need to immediately start preventive measures: the courses of massage, swimming, use of creams for the feet, because all of this is effective to prevent the development of varicose veins only at first.

  1. I stage. The emergence of the heaviness in the legs, their swelling, characteristic of a throbbing pain, the education of spider veins, gnarled veins that are visible through the skin. This can add leg cramps and a burning sensation in the area of the calves and feet.
  2. Phase II. A significant increase in the size and the number of nodes, and the asterisks, which economic more visible. The swelling of the legs is more pronounced. The strengthening of the pain.
  3. Phase II. The modification of the structure of the surface of the skin, the appearance of dryness, pigmented lesions. A significant increase in venous nodes, the thinning of the walls of blood vessels, which increases the risk of bleeding, even slight, damage.
type of varicose veins

The complications (consequences) of varicose veins

The varicose vein disease can cause serious complications. At the final stage of development of varicose veins may occur in the extreme thinning of the walls of the vessels, in this regard, increases the risk of appearance of ulcers trophic – open the wounds healing poorly on the vessels encountered, even if their low-traumatic.

The result of the rupture of varicose veins of the host is the development of thrombophlebitis. In the context of the emergence, including the formation of a thrombosis-inflammation of the vein wall and the formation of a blood clot, closing his light.

During the development of thrombophlebitis acute appear a strong pain in the area of the thrombosis veins, increases body temperature, accompanied by chills. When the thrombophlebitis superficial veins are features painful with redness of the skin over the veins. Thrombophlebitis of the deep veins accompanied by a swelling of the limbs, due to the violation of the outflow of venous.

Varicose veins in women

With varicose veins many women face. This is due to a predisposition of women to the disease because of the feminine nature in the hormonal system. In addition, pregnancy and childbirth in most cases, are at the origin of the appearance of varicose veins, as is the impact of the increase of the load and strengthen the blood flow to the pelvic organs. In addition to the varicose veins of the lower limbs in women often develop varicose veins in the perineal area, affecting the external genitalia, which is a consequence of congenital or acquired weakness of the vascular wall and of the insufficiency of the valves. The external effects (duration of the static effort, a great physical activity) or internal factors (excess weight, diseases of the pelvic organs in the chronic form) leads to the formation of varicose veins.

It is important! Remains open the question of the effect of oral contraceptives and hrt.

The development of varicose veins during pregnancy

The gestation of each pregnancy greatly increases the chances of development of venous insufficiency in women and the formation of varicose veins. This is due to hormonal changes in the body of a woman and a strong increase of the load on the veins. The main task of women in this period, the compliance with preventive measures to avoid the development of varicose disease. If a predisposition and signs of initial development of varicose veins, need the consultation and observation of vein specialists throughout the entire pregnancy. The preventive measures must be supplemented by the wearing of a compression machine, in some cases, it is necessary to dress for the period of childbirth. To do this, are available to special patterns.

Varicose veins in men

Varicose vein disease is often prevalent in men in the form of the varicocele – varicose veins of the spermatic cord. The symptoms of the disease:

  • the pain in the testicle and the direction of gravity, the scrotum, along the spermatic cord, which is enhanced during physical exercise and prolonged standing;
  • during palpation of the scrotum are defined as tortuous veins of the spermatic cord.

The development of the varicocele is the cause of male infertility due to disorders of the circulatory system and accompanying pathological changes in the normal functioning of the testes:

  • we observe an increase of the temperature in the testis to body temperature. High temperature influences the course of spermatogenesis;
  • anoxia (oxygen deprivation, ischemia) of the egg;
  • the accumulation of free radicals in the tissues of the egg that violate their activities.

The treatment of varicose veins in men consists of a surgical operation for the indications: pain in the testicle, infertility, cosmetic defect in the area of the scrotum, the lack of growth of the farms eggs at puberty. However, the disease may be asymptomatic and do not put the male in significant discomfort. In adolescents and children at the time of the diagnosis of the varicocele, surgery is necessary at any stage of the disease, it will prevent the development of infertility. The operations are performed as a means of open and endoscopic. May be the execution of a surgical procedure of the minimal access and minimally invasive revascularization of the egg.

the symptoms

Pelvic varicose veins

Varicose veins can occur in the pelvic region. In this form, it occurs in most of the cases in women, according to the characteristics of the vasculature of the body of the woman. A dilation of the veins causes the feeling of pain and the severity of the pelvic area, which can be caused by venous stasis.

The development of varicose veins of the pelvic region occurs for several reasons:

  • pregnancy and childbirth;
  • the change of the shape of the uterus;
  • lifting and carrying heavy loads;
  • a hereditary predisposition;
  • the lack of physical activity;
  • a sedentary job;
  • take oral contraceptives.

When the presence of risk factors and symptoms of the disease, you need to undergo a review. In the early stages to identify the varicose vein pelvic during diagnostic ultrasound. Pre-diagnosis as possible and the visit gyncologique standard. The treatment of the disease includes a reception venotonic drugs, to wear a special compression linen, execution of post-exposure prophylaxis of gymnastics. You must also exclude the risk factors and regularly observed at the gynecologist. The ineffectiveness of the conservative treatment for the shows of the surgical intervention.

The treatment of varicose veins

The therapeutic measures for varicose veins are composed of conservative medication treatment and during later stages of intervention. In the early stages and the first signs of varicose veins, it is recommended to receive venotonic. As preventive measures, it is recommended elastic bandaging of the feet, the wearing of a jersey compression and limitation of the physical workload at all stages of the development of the disease.

In the course of the subsequent steps is system to the receipt of medicines and ointments for varicose veins:

  • improve the microcirculation of the blood;
  • improve venous circulation;
  • conducive to unloading of the central veins.

On the latter stages of the shows phlebectomy, surgical removal of the pathologically changed veins as well as sclerotherapy – the introduction of treatments that sklerosiruta damaged veins, which is a barrier to their participation in outings.

It should be noted that the detail about how the compression garment better, we have already written, but for the moment, only the surgical method of treatment has emerged as the most effective.

the utility

Home treatment

Remove the pain, heaviness in the legs caused by varicose veins can help menus for the gels and ointments. Get rid of varicose veins they can hardly help, given the local impact and the low level of penetration through the skin, but it does raise the symptoms of the disease and facilitate the state. One of the ways for exterior applications, you can highlight groups:

  • phlebotonics;
  • troversial;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

Folk remedies

The recipes of traditional medicine of varicose veins is also used to relieve the symptoms, and how to repair tool.

Green tomatoes

At the onset of pain in the area of the veins to help the wraps from green tomatoes. To do this, just take a piece of fruit, cut into slices and open a phase of night, to the setting of the pre-strip. Greens, and tomatoes contain an antioxidant lycopene. Because of its impact not only remove the pain, but also improve circulation and reduce the phenomena of the flow. With regular use, the bumps formed in the varices, are less painful and can reduce the volume. You can use compresses and regular tomatoes in the form of tomato paste, because it has the highest concentration of lycopene.

Vegetable juice

Complete antivarikozny the necessary processing of tonic means. As a source of nutrients should consume each day fruit juice and vegetable juice. Morkovno-spinach-celery fresh. To strengthen the blood vessels useful to the carrot juice, which contains a high concentration of rutin – a trace element that helps to strengthen the blood vessels. The composition of the juice of spinach leaves is rich on the content of oxalic acid. She has a cleaning function compared with the vessels and prevents the formation of clots.

It is important! The celery is involved in the acceleration of the process of decomposition of the fat of the body, producing products of this breakdown and the excess fluid from the body.

  1. For the juices, you need to take 10 small carrots, 5 stalks celery and 5 of the spinach.
  2. Pass through a juicer, you can add a little bit of drinking water.

Morkovno-spinach-beetroot-fresh. The beet juice helps to improve the blood circulation and hematopoiesis, because it stimulates the synthesis of red blood cells, increases the level of hemoglobin and the prevention of anemia. Prepare in the proportion of 10:3:3.

The prevention of the disease

In order to reduce the risk of development of varicose veins, you need to:

  • a moderate physical activity, which is particularly useful for the access to the swimming pool. Swimming has showers in the beneficial influence affecting the vessels without the use of excess load;
  • the strengthening of the walls of the blood vessels using a contrast shower. To complete the hygiene procedures as a cold shower for the legs. To do this, in a period of 10 minutes to wash the feet, alternating cold and heat the water;
  • a change of diet, decreasing the consumption of fatty foods, the inclusion in the diet of foods rich rutin;
  • the port in a compression of household linen, in particular when the physical load on the feet;
  • the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes, is conducive to the improvement of the immunity, strengthening of the walls of the container and reducing the risk of formation of thrombi.
spider veins


The prevention and treatment of varicose veins are also in a medical practice of prevention and gymnastics to improve blood circulation and get rid of the signs of congestion of blood. Such exercises are useful to perform on a daily basis. The start of the course, you must pre-training of the leg: to do this, he must lie down on your back, placing the feet on the tree or on the back of the couch. In this position, stay for 10 to 15 minutes.

Away, while remaining in the supine position, proceed with the execution of the exercise:

  1. bike – bend the knees to imitate the twist of the pedals;
  2. the flexion-extension stop in the ankle – legs extended, alternately produce the flexion and extensor movement;
  3. then in the same way of work with the fingers feet;
  4. raise the legs at an angle, and rotate the foot towards the inside and towards the outside;
  5. in supine position, perform the exercise scissors: alternate crossing of the legs;
  6. standing take a walk walk on the spot, do not tear off the socks;
  7. while remaining in a standing position, do the rise on socks: on the inhale, up, exhale, down to the bottom.

Disease varicose veins that develops in the long time, therefore, at the onset of the first signs of a chance to stop the course. But the only complete method to get rid of varicose veins, is the surgical removal of the vein. Be in good health!