Varicose veins are a fairly common disease.Judge for yourself: According to the case studies, one in three women suffer from the pathology of the veins of the lower limbs. By knowing the causes and methods of prevention of this ailment, you can avoid serious health problems. But even a disease in the complication stage is no cause for panic, because modern phlebology has a whole arsenal of methods for treating varicose veins in women.
Causes of varicose veins
First of all, this is heredity: weak venous walls are a feature that is passed on from parents.
In addition to hereditary factors, vascular damage is facilitated by:
- overload in sports training;
- sedentary work and a sedentary lifestyle in general;
- work on the legs;
- taking hormonal contraceptives;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- disturbances in the work of the endocrine system, leading to an increase in venous pressure;
- leg injuries;
- diseases of the pelvic organs;
- weakened immunity;
- excess weight;
- high growth;
- unbalanced diet;
- alcohol addiction;
- to smoke;
- excessive passion for sunburn, sauna;
- tight clothes, shoes - uncomfortable or high heels;
- stress, constant worries;
- old age.
Interestingly, varicose veins in women are diagnosed twice as often as men. After all, it is the fair sex who wear high heels, endure and give birth to children, take hormonal contraceptives.
What are varicose veins
Before moving on to the symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in women, we will understand the anatomical features of the disease. The movement of blood through the vessels is provided by the rhythmic contraction of the heart. From top to bottom, the blood flows effortlessly to the legs, but its return path - through the veins to the top is possible thanks to special valves inside the veins. Relatively speaking, from the heartbeat, the blood rises and is held by the valve until the next pulse. Active upward movement of blood is also facilitated by regular contraction and relaxation of the leg muscles (obvious benefit of walking! ). With varicose veins, the vessel expands, which does not allow the valves to close, and the resulting gap slows the outflow of blood. Another cause of varicose veins is the loss of elasticity of the veins, which is necessary for normal vasoconstriction and dilation.
Symptoms and treatment of venous disease in women
At the initial stage, the thought of treatment will not come: the signs of varicose veins of the legs in women are almost invisible, they manifest themselves only in the heaviness and tension of the legs. Fever, itching, cramps in the calf muscles at night - these sensations indicate the development of vascular pathology. At a later stage, the ailment is already determined visually: the legs swell, swollen veins become visible, dermatitis and seals appear on the skin, which can develop into trophic ulcers. Similar symptoms of varicose veins in women in the photo, treatment (comparison: before and after) can be seen most often in advertising brochures of specialized clinics.
Results of the treatment of our patients
Prevention of varicose veins
To prevent the stage when a woman's leg veins are already bulging and treatment is inevitable, moderate physical activity, regular walks, a balanced diet with a rich set of vitamins and sufficient water will help. Ditching bad habits and opting for comfortable clothes / shoes will also prolong blood vessel health.
Treatment of venous disease in women
There are two directions for the treatment of varicose veins in the legs in women: conservative and invasive. In the first case, these are measures aimed at preventing and stopping the development of the disease: following a diet, wearing compression underwear, taking phlebotonics as prescribed by a doctor. Invasive treatment includes surgery such as sclerotherapy, laser coagulation, miniflebectomy, etc. The method of treatment is selected individually by the phlebologist.
Veins in the arms of women
We are often approached by women who are not satisfied with the very prominent veins on the hands and forearms. Many people think this is a disease. However, highly visible veins are very often a physiological feature of the body. But there are also pathological reasons. Consider the physiological and pathological factors that contribute to the appearance of visible veins in the hands of women.
- genetic predisposition;
- weight loss or a small layer of subcutaneous fatty tissue;
- hormonal imbalance during pregnancy, menopause;
- hot season;
- intense physical activity;
- old age.
With physiological widening of the veins of the arms, if it causes aesthetic discomfort or is characterized by frequent aching pains in the vascular region, experts recommend such sanitary procedures as hardening, cryogenic bandaging, lymphatic drainage massage. Also, a change in occupation, physiotherapy exercises will help reduce pain.
- injured vessels;
- some diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, etc. );
- sedentary lifestyle;
- to smoke;
- old age.
The listed factors can provoke the development of vascular diseases and, as a result, impaired blood flow in the hands. A combination of symptoms such as skin discoloration, a constant feeling of heaviness in the arm, swelling, pain, muscle weakness, poor wound healing and sores on the skin, indicate the presence of problems with the vessels of the upper limbs. Such symptoms are a reason to immediately consult a doctor and undergo a diagnosis. The pathology of the vessels of the hands is diagnosed by ultrasound or venography. Depending on the results of the diagnosis, the phlebologist will prescribe the appropriate treatment for the veins in the woman's arms: medication and / or surgery.