Varicose veins of the small pelvis

varicose veins of the small pelvis

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are a pathological condition in which blood, instead of normal circulation, is thrown back through the bed (reflux) into the ovarian vein.

Women of childbearing age often suffer from this pathology and the triggering mechanism that causes the disease is often the gestation and birth of a child, since during pregnancy the uterus greatly increases in size and presses on the vein, preventing blood from circulatingnormally. At the same time, teenage girls can sometimes face a similar disease.

Do not self-medicate. At the first sign of illness, consult your doctor.

The disease also occurs in men, although it is much less common, and occurs with non-inflammatory prostatitis and varicocele.

Causes of pathology

A problem such as varicose veins of the small pelvis is found in women during pregnancy, but carrying a baby is not the only reason for the development of the pathology. Notably, doctors have found that changes in hormone levels can also cause reflux in the ovarian vein, which causes stretching and improper blood supply to the pelvic region.

Other causes of the disease are:

  • insufficient active mode (sedentary work, lack of sports loads);
  • congenital problems with connective tissue, against the background of which weakness of the vascular walls develops;
  • heavy or multiple birth;
  • physical work with weight lifting;
  • inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs.

The method of preventing unwanted pregnancy used by many women - interrupted sexual intercourse, can also provoke the development of such a pathology as pelvic varicose veins. Therefore, doctors recommend alternating this method of contraception with others to avoid health problems. Irregular sex life in both men and women can also lead to the development of this disease.

normal and altered vein with pelvic varicose veins

Symptoms of the pathology are not specific, therefore the diagnosis requires special care and includes many different procedures. And before prescribing treatment, the doctor must rule out the possibility that a woman, girl or even a man has other inflammatory or non-inflammatory pathologies of the pelvic organs.

Complex symptom

Symptoms for each of the fair sex with this disease have a different degree of severity. The most pronounced symptomatology in women during pregnancy, since it is this condition that creates the conditions for circulatory disorders in the veins of the small pelvis.

Characteristic manifestations of this disease in a woman can be:

  • intense severity of PMS;
  • pain in the lower abdomen, which is pulling or aching in nature, which intensifies with a long stay of a woman on the legs, as well as during sex and during menstruation;
  • premature onset of menstruation, up to a complete absence;
  • painful sensitivity in the vagina and perineum;
  • strong discharge from the genital tract of a woman or girl.

If we talk about adolescent girls who have to deal with this disease, their symptoms are few: the only thing that can bother them is the abundant vaginal discharge and, possibly, the characteristic pain during menstruation.

dilated vein with varicose veins of the small pelvis

In men, the symptoms also manifest as pain. Often, against the background of such a disease, representatives of a strong half of humanity develop the so-called chronic pelvic pain syndrome. In severe cases, with a pathology such as varicose veins of the small pelvis, urination can be impaired.

Symptoms of pathology can be mistaken for symptoms of many other inflammatory processes in the genitals, which often happens.

As a result of an incorrect diagnosis, patients with this ailment are also prescribed the wrong treatment, which only exacerbates the situation, because if the disease is not treated in a timely manner, serious consequences can develop.

In particular, people with small pelvic blood supply problems may experience infertility, which will deprive them of the joy of fatherhood and motherhood. But this is not the worst: the disease can cause the development of tumors of the pelvic organs, as well as cause thrombosis.

Establish the diagnosis

To diagnose such a pathology, a careful examination of all organs of the small pelvis is required, which makes it possible to exclude any other diseases. Therefore, for patients with the above symptoms, doctors prescribe a vaginal examination, ultrasound, x-ray, laparoscopy and vascular doppler ultrasound. With an unspecified diagnosis, computed tomography is also indicated.

Characteristics of the treatment

Since varicose veins of the small pelvis usually occur in women during pregnancy, it is not worth treating the disease during this period, as the treatment can harm the fetus. During pregnancy, a woman is shown only procedures aimed at relieving symptoms. In particular, she may need special gymnastics to improve blood circulation in the organs. Also, during pregnancy, you should definitely wear compression underwear, which will improve the blood circulation of the organs in this area.

If the disease is detected in a woman after pregnancy or even in a teenager, her treatment will include not only the above procedures (wearing compression underwear and therapeutic exercises), but also taking medications. In particular, the doctor prescribes venotonic drugs for oral administration to patients with this disease. Locally, drugs are not used for this pathology.

In cases where the cause of the disease is hormonal imbalance, patients require hormone therapy to establish hormone balance. In rare cases, the treatment of the disease can be operative and consists in bandaging the dilated veins.

There is also an alternative treatment that allows you to relieve the symptoms of the disease. For example, treatment with chestnut fruit tincture or dandelion root tincture helps well. Hirudotherapy has proven itself in the treatment of this disease: leeches are planted in the area of the sacrum and coccyx.

It is important to follow a diet during treatment: the food should be rich in vitamins, proteins and fibers. It is especially important to eat well during pregnancy, when a mother's well-being and her baby's well-being depend on the mother's diet and lifestyle.