What is spider veins: localization options, the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of the disease

Arikirangi say that varicose veins – this is the kind of a pathological process, the result of which there occurs a change of the venous wall followed by a failure valvular.

The reasons

The exact reasons for varicose veins do not yet know. On the basis of the epidemiological studies have found that the disease process affects the genetic predisposition.

Excess weight as a cause of varicose veins

It is also of predisposing factors, which may appear of varicose veins:

  • the violation of the substantive hormonal (menopausal, receiving estrogen);
  • excess weight;
  • of pregnancy.
  • long static loads;
  • the port is a narrow cloth;
  • constipation;
  • surgery (arterio-venous shunts);
  • malformations or obstruction of the deep veins.

What it looks like?

Because varicose veins – it is the change of the veins, pathology of the rank not only to diseases of the vessels, but also a mirror of problems:

  1. Patients notice first the appearance of venous of the image on the legs or the appearance of a mesh of the vein.
  2. Later, the veins economic convoluted, raise the skin.
  3. At an advanced stage clearly displayed varicose veins, representing the frizz and the expansion of the blood vessels venous.

The violation of the trophic tissue causes changes in the pigmentation of the skin.

Phase (degree)

Distinguish several stages or degrees of varicose veins. When the varicose veins 1 degree in patients diagnosed called the syndrome of the feet heavy. Often the patients complain of cramps in the calves and pockets, which disappears after rest.

When the varicose veins 2 degree occurs persistent edema, pigmentation disorders of the skin, a flow of the dermatitis. In advanced cases within 3 degrees of the disease appear ulcers trophic.

The importance of prevention

Know the factors predisposing to the onset of the disease, he should pay attention to the prevention of varicose veins:

  • wear comfortable shoes and underwear;
  • the minimization of the work related to static loads and long-standing on the legs;
  • the physical education course;
  • the intake of vitamins: C, E, PP;
  • correction of the power supply.

If there is no possibility of change of employment, which is the cause of the onset of the disease, recommend the to unloading of the gymnastics during the day and draining massage in the evening. Help prevent disease to wear elastic bands request information and the showers.

The signs

The symptoms of varicose veins are multiple. The clinical picture depends on the progress of the disease and the localization process.

Spider veins of the legs

The initial signs of varicose veins are:

  • heaviness in the legs;
  • the tension in the legs;
  • fatigue when walking;
  • swelling in the ankle area (usually in the evening);
  • cramps;
  • the sensation of the pain during the increased portal vein.

In women, the symptoms increase prior to monthly. After the holidays of unpleasant sensations in the legs disappear.

Lymphatic insufficiency when the varicose veins leads to a develop of cellulite, dermatosclerosis, trophic ulcers, erysipelas inflammation. Expressed violations of the outflow of venous of patients complain of itching of the skin and the dryness of the skin on a terrain system in vienna.

Gradually, the violation of trophic tissue of the skin is refined and atrophy. Develops a hyper - or hypopigmentation. With the progression of the disease will appear cyanotic spots and ulcers trophic.

Fatigue

When expressed the process in patients with complaints about:

  • increased fatigue;
  • palpitations;
  • shortness of breath.

These signs are related to the increase of the load on the heart muscle due to a deposit of blood in the lane.

Reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs

Special of the event of varicose disease is reticular varicose veins. The clinical manifestations of the pathology:

  • the increase of the local temperature in the area of the ankle;
  • the fatigue and heaviness of the legs;
  • dense subcutaneous cellular tissue.

Varicose veins of the esophagus

Varicose veins of the esophagus appears tortuosity and expansion of meshotchatye blood vessels. The main cause of the disease is portal hypertension.

The disease is manifested by the following signs:

  • the inflammation of the esophagus;
  • burning sensation, belching;
  • anemia;
  • the difficulty when swallowing food.

Dangerous complication of the disease is massive variceal bleeding. The patient has a vomiting of blood, hypotension, tachycardia, disorders of consciousness.

Varicose veins of the uterus

Forms the internal part of varicose veins in the varicose veins of the uterus. The main reasons for the evolution of the veins:

  • the physical load;
  • the chronic constipation;
  • of pregnancy.
  • the reception of hormonal contraceptives;
  • the anomalies of the development;
  • abortion.

Women with varicose veins of the uterus are directed to complaints of pain in the lower abdomen, menstrual disorders. The disease can lead to infertility.

Spider veins lips

This type of varicose veins in pregnant women may develop with the second month of the pregnancy. The disease develops if the thrombosis of the pelvic veins or an innate angiodysplasia.

What looks like varicose veins:

  • dilated veins of the vulva.
  • the scratching of the skin resulting in itching;
  • pockets.

The disease is accompanied by dysuric mental disorders, arching pain in the perineum. The danger is the development of phlebitis, the gap in a damaged ship.

Varicose veins of the small pelvis

The first signs of varicose veins are pulling pain in the lower belly. Identified a number of options for the power of this form of the disease:

  • varicose veins of perineum and vulva;
  • pelvic venous plethora.

The clinical manifestations of the pathology are celebrated in 30% of women during pregnancy. The disease is a pure pathology.

Venous plethora is manifested by the following signs:

  • the severity and the pain;
  • the pain during sexual intercourse;
  • dysmenorrhea;
  • the disorder of the urination.

Varicocele

The varicosities of the spermatic cord in men is called varicocele. The disease causes a disruption of the flow vein of the testicles. Patients want complaints of pulling pain in the scrotum, erectile dysfunction. During the inspection in the area of the testes are visible advanced of a superficial vein, the asymmetry of the scrotum. For reasons of disease development are:

  • the physical load;
  • congenital insufficiency of the connective tissue;
  • the tumor in retroperitoneal space or the pelvis.

With the progression of the pathology is disrupted spermatogenesis, leading to infertility. The disease can be complicated by bleeding from the affected vessels.

Varicose veins dermatitis

In addition to the characteristics of the clinical symptoms of the worsening of varicose veins, it is important to note its complication flow of the dermatitis. In patients with the skin above the blinded by the veins begins to thin and the itching. In the places of the inflammation spots appear in dark-colored or light-colored and peeling.

The location of venous dermatitis – tibia and the ankle area. When you scratch it in the process of the disease spreading to healthy tissue. If the problem is to ignore it, the inflammation will in varicose eczema.

Varicose eczema

The inflammation is resistant to the nature with periods of remission and relapse. The defeat of the skin heavily treated, even after penektomie. Because of disorders of the microcirculation, a liquid part of the blood seeps through the walls of the affected vessels. In the area above the varicose vienna, swelling, and a cake moist plots.

On the feet are posed of bubbles filled with serous or sero-purulent content. When the scratching of the wound is infection. By merging, small bubbles formed papules. After the opening of the is gall bladder, appear of crusts. A place of healing for the thinning and covered with scales. In the period of exacerbation of the vesicles raised again. The progression of the pathology leads to the formation of venous ulcers.

The pain as a sign of the disease

The pain in the legs

Often, patients complain of pain during the varicose disease of the veins, which is amplified during palpation of the victim to a container. In the initial phases of sign is manifested slightly. The person feels a weakness and drawing pain at the end of the day. In the morning, after the holiday of the symptomatology disappears. In the latter stages of the pain occurs at night.

A classic manifestation of varicose veins considered as the combination of pain and cramps in the night or after long periods of standing on his feet.

The characteristic of the location of the pain in the varicose veins of the feet:

  • adaderana region;
  • the area of trophic ulcers;
  • calf.

If attached to a temperature increase, this may indicate the beginning of an inflammatory process in the vienna – thrombophlebitis.

Spider veins

Vascular asterisks called telangiectasia. The pathology manifested by the extension of small vessels under the skin. On the skin manifests in the form of the grid of vessels in purple or red. The reasons of the appearance of telangiectasia may be not only the venous insufficiency, but:

  • connective tissue disease;
  • pathology of the hepatobiliary system;
  • the application of hormonal drugs;
  • endocrine of the disease.

The vascular mesh is manifest on the feet, the face or buttocks. Telangiectasia are not separated from the disease, and to act as a presenting symptom, representing more than cosmetic defects.

On the face

On the face of the emergence of micro-grid called rosacea. Appears when the violation of the rheology of the blood, high blood pressure or diseases of the digestive system, the negative impact of the low temperature or when the consumption of alcohol.

In women, the main reason of telangiectasia is hormonal changes. The gold standard to eliminate the defect is laser photocoagulation.

On the legs

On the feet vascular grid appears in the result of the venous stasis. Purple fishnet often accompany varicose veins. As the progression of the disease telangiectasia increase. Even after the withdrawal of the vein, capillary rest. Ways to eliminate, are the sclerosis, radiofrequency ablation, endovenous laser photocoagulation.

How to get rid of?

Before you get rid of varicose veins, spend a full diagnosis. Patients showing laboratory methods for the analyses of blood and urine, the detection of reflux by the veins under skin, tests of function. Technical tools called:

  • ultrasound duplex or triplex analysis;
  • the radio-opaque venography;
  • magnetic resonance venography;
  • multidetector computer angiography of contrast.

After the definition of the degree of varicose veins, the question of the application of methods of treatment is a surgical operation or conservative treatment.

That heals?

If you experience early symptoms, it is necessary to consult at the clinic of the recital or the angiosurgeon. In the health facilities of this disease are surgeons. It is understood that the experience and qualifications of those who cure varicose veins, play a crucial role in the resolution of problems. Therefore, it is better to go to specialised centres.

What is the treatment?

When the defeat of the vessels of the lower limbs to apply these basic methods:

  • the rapid response;
  • sclerotherapy;
  • the conservative treatment.
The treatment of varicose veins

In the case of more advanced methodology aligned. When chronic venous insufficiency with the defeat of the valve of the device in the vessels and signs of thrombophlebitis shows the deletion of vienna (phlebectomy). The methods of early intervention with a minimum the nature of the infestation are:

  • thermal ablation of vienna: radiofrequency, laser, microwave, steam;
  • non-ablation: chemical using sclerosing drugs and the mechanic.

In order to reduce the symptoms of the disease to prescribe a systemic treatment of drugs. Patients are prescribed:

  • antibiotics in inflammatory processes, and venous ulcers;
  • antiseptic;
  • phleboprotector;
  • stimulants of tissue repair;
  • anticoagulants;
  • topical steroids in venous ulcers;
  • the local application of the geparinoterapii of medication.

The condition of efficiency for eliminating the varicose veins is compression therapy using elastic bands request information, golf, tights. A popular method banding is a zinc-gelatin dressing when violations.

What better way to help?

Medicines and bandages (knit) means a physician, taking into account the stage of the disease, its complications, comorbidities, and the age of the patient. Therefore, it is preferable to varicose veins, must say phlebology.

It is understood that the treatment that the medication will not eliminate the pathology, as well as the wearing of compression hosiery.

Varicose veins in most cases eliminate it surgically in combination with other methods of therapy.

That relieve the itching?

To get rid of the itching in the varicose veins, you should know that to remove it. Doctors prescribe moisturizing therapeutic cream (you can use the cream for baby). In case of itching and peeling of the skin prescribed of the tool with the hormones.

Apply compresses with a decoction of herbs, with an anti-inflammatory effect (chamomile, calendula, sage, succession, the cones of hops).

What is dangerous?

To the effects of varicose veins include phlebitis, ulcers trophic, thrombophlebitis, menstrual problems, impotence, infertility. Thrombus formation and bleeding from the affected vessels – this is something dangerous varicose veins.

Detached from a thrombus of the lower end of a second to fall in the small circle of blood circulation, causing the thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery.

During the purge without emergency medical help, the person loses a lot of blood. All these complications lead to disability or even death without proper treatment.

Conclusions

The varicosities applies to the common pathology. Develops in people with a hereditary predisposition to excessive static and dynamic load, as well as during their extended absence.

The disease leads to serious complications, therefore, at the onset of the first symptoms, you should contact considering.

Problem, you can get rid of only during the approach.

The patient showing the surgical methods of treatment, the drugs, the wearing of a jersey compression and correction of way of life.