Varicose veins of the lower limbs

Diseases of the circulatory system, blood vessels, and disorders of hemostasis are sufficient dangerous and complex. In this case, and will fight with them as easy. The treatment of varicose veins requires a lot of patience and effort, and the modern life is very very good for varicose veins. Many different professions make the man a great part of the day to stand on their feet or sitting at your office computer, which is the factors favorable to the development of varicose veins, because, thanks to this activity of the flow of blood causes embarrassment, and if, in humans there is a genetic predisposition to varicose veins, the risk of this disease is even more urgent.

spider veins

What is the varicosities

Because of the violation structural of the structure of the wall of blood vessels and the decrease of the vessel tone of the veins of the lower limbs begin to unevenly develop. This process often occurs due to excessive load on the feet. The blood penetrates along the arterial bed, which has rich nutrients and oxygen to the lower extremities, which produced the sharing and carbon dioxide, in normal blood should go up in the veins up into the lungs by the right ventricle, in order to give all the unnecessary items and pick up another portion of the substances necessary lower extremities. The veins of the lower limbs have valves, the blood that rose to the top did not come back. In the veins the valves no possibility to close it hermetically, and thus the blood can not remove it completely and begins to stagnate. Then, it is a another portion of blood, and as a result, the circulation is disrupted.

As a result of the flow of the blood with time in the vessels venous form blood clots, which are " called red, due to the fact that, to a large extent, are composed of red blood cells. The clot the shape of the tail and the head, a head it is attached to the vascular wall, and on the free tail began to adhere to the pads. A blood clot on the long time attached to the vascular wall and becomes a kind of explosive, such as a blood clot that detaches very dangerous because it could clog any vital artery. Usually, the thrombus is detached from the tail part and then depart on a trip to the board of trustees of the arteries and vessels. After the right atrium, at large sizes, it can fit in the trunk of the lung, or it may get stuck in the pulmonary artery. These phenomena lead to sudden death, and bears the name of TELA (that is to say, a pulmonary embolism).

What is the reason?

Internal of varicose veins is a disease very common. But in fact, there are people who have managed to survive until old age, and do not experience varicose veins. We will try to understand what you receive inside and segmental varicose veins, and that precisely led to this. To disrupted structural wall of a vessel, especially a lot of is not needed, just some set conditions or innate predisposition to this disease. The loss of tonicity and elasticity of the vascular wall may appear to the professional activity, in particular in the case where the work on which the man works, requires long periods of time, be in a vertical position. Also varicose veins internal veins can be caused by pregnancy, obesity or the business of sport with a excessive load. There are less obvious reasons for the appearance of varicose veins, for example, the hormonal changes of substance, permanent, eating disorders and an unhealthy lifestyle in general.

The symptoms of varicose veins

In the first place, the diagnosis of varicose veins is made by the external signs. But at the start, when it is not very developed, a pair of the crown, the person can simply not pay for such symptoms of varicose veins. But little by little, the disease begins to progress, nodes, veins go toward the outside, the skin of the internal surface of the tibia begins to glow and change its color, as well as such places highly irritating. The skin is injured.

Therefore, the symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities are the following:

  • The appearance of a tired feeling in the legs, swelling and heaviness of the members.
  • Convoluted plots and the thickening of blood vessels and venous, which are above the surface of the tibia in the form of a blue nodes.
  • That has lost its elasticity, blackened and compacted in leather in the places of defeat.
  • Cramps in the legs.
  • Itching in the varicose veins areas.
  • Burning Sensation and the hair loss on the areas of varicose veins.

Gradually the disease develops and its symptoms economic more pronounced and involve other phenomena:

  • An increase of the pain
  • Ulceration and dermatitis of the damaged areas, caused by the flow of blood

On affected places, there are cracks and bubbles that bleed at the slightest injury. And where there is bleeding, there are and thrombosis.

The result of these events may complicate the thrombophlebitis, which can be identified by one of the following reasons:

  • The weakness, the lack of air and shortness of breath;
  • Pain during the course of the container;
  • An increase of the temperature of the member system, the skin is more dense and hot;
  • The redness of the member in the affected area of vienna;
  • The sensation of pain during the course of the ship.

Thrombophlebitis is an extremely dangerous disease that needs to your doctor immediately!

Reticular varicose veins

Often, it happens that through the skin of the thigh or of the leg begin to stand out from the superficial veins and the blood vessels. This phenomenon is called the reticulum of varicose veins or varicose veins superficial veins. Reticular varicose veins usually do not apply to serious complications and except for a bit of cosmetic drawback, it is not in danger. This is why this type of varicose veins also called cosmetic.

The treatment of varicose veins

When the symptoms of varicose veins do not need to ignore them, but it is necessary to immediately proceed to a treatment of this disease, not leading to a critical stage of varicose veins, when it begins to represent a threat to life and will be the cause of the give the patient a disability. A lot, to learn on the varicose veins, try not to use the situation, and often, it succeeds with success using a home treatment, will talk about this in more detail.

the treatment of varicose veins

The power in the varicose veins

When the varicose veins plays an important role in the diet. First of all, if you have an excess of weight, when the varicose veins will be useful to reset it, already that is why it is necessary to adhere to properly prepared food. A person suffering from varicose veins should eliminate from your diet the following products:

  • The alcohol (completely)
  • Coffee
  • Canned goods, forward-thinking products
  • Sweet and savory

Now, we list products which have a beneficial effect when the varicose veins:

  • Foods that are rich in vitamins A, E, C,B;
  • The grain of rye, of oats and of wheat, soya, sprouts of all kinds, carrots, rosehip and redcurrant in particular beneficial effects on the blood vessels;
  • Juice of citrus fruits, vegetables, fresh fruit;
  • Fennel, nettle, persil.

Girudoterapiya when the varicose veins

Certainly all heard about the fact that the leeches are actively used for the treatment of diseases of different nature. Also actively leeches applied to the treatment of varicose veins. It is quite naturally, because if in the veins appeared the flow of blood, this leech will help to remove the "excesses" of the blood, and perhaps of his saliva and dissolve the clot.

The medical treatment

In some cases, for the treatment of varicose veins, you must contact the medical assistance. The treatment of this disease is involved in a doctor – ben the ado vascular. The medicine, of course, maximum tries to do this without the use of radical measures, that is to say without intervention. Any surgical treatment, even the most simple leading to the violation of the integrity of blood vessels, and therefore to the formation of clots, that occur when the varicose veins. Of great importance and age of the patient, since it is known that elderly people are often varicose veins may be accompanied by chronic diseases of the cardio-vascular system and respiratory system, which makes it very difficult the application of the narcosis. So, first of all, the doctor strives to make other means for the treatment of varicose veins. Among these methods, you can select the cream, creams and pills of varicose veins. It concerns also, and these types of treatment, such as physiotherapy, laser photocoagulation, compression sclerotherapy and magnetotherapy. These treatments do not require hospital stay and virtually painless. To treat spider veins prescribe medication for varicose veins, improve the flow of blood in the veins and protect the lining of blood vessels and thin the blood. The drug treatment includes:

  • Dezagreganti, solvents of clots;
  • Phlebotonics;
  • Drugs that prevent the sortivnyh blood;
  • Anti-inflammatory non-steroidal tablets.
  • Ointment of varicose veins, creams and gels that are topical, that have a therapeutic effect;
  • Wraps when varicose veins


In the early stages of the disease, it can be treated with sclerosing therapy. It can help so when it is not broken, the function of the valve. In addition, this method works well if the reticular varices, absolutely leaving no trace of the disease. This treatment is done flebologia, which is introduced intravenously to the patient a solution.

Laser Photocoagulation

Laser Photocoagulation is also quite effective against varicose veins. The patients are quite well tolerated by such treatment, even if here there is a post-operative period, associated with some disadvantages. After this type of intervention may be pain and bruising long coagulated vienna. In some cases, after a few days, the body temperature rises to low-grade. But if medication non-steroidal anti-inflammatory. Immediately after the operation, the patient is allowed to get up and even recommended, to have the air, but before that, it must be compressional jersey. Such treatment of varicose veins is carried out by means of intravascular laser exposure of the thermal energy to the vein wall and blood clots, which are replaced by connective tissue. Itself vienna, with the time, for a year, turns into the power cord. Treatment of varicose veins by laser is really effective helps to cope with varicose veins, with this method, very few contraindications, does not cause allergic reaction and offers no side effects. This treatment is well tolerated by patients and can be for people senile or old age.


If you have a propensity genetic to the disease, or your professional activity predisposes to the development of varicose veins, it is necessary to take preventive measures to avoid unpleasant consequences. Thus, it happens that varicose veins has already been exposed to laser treatment, but if this is to follow certain rules, it may recur because it is the disease has a tendency to relapse. First of all, as has already been said, it is important to take seriously the choice of the power supply, which should be light and rich in vitamins. If possible, try to choose a mobile and not too physically hard work. Well, if you all the same decided to work on a sedentary job or, on the contrary, the job, where you are forced to constantly stand up, try to move more, making simple physical exercises at the varicose veins of the lower limbs. One of these exercises is to sit on a chair alternately lift the feet flat on a walker texas ranger-michel. You can also sit on a chair alternating to straighten the legs, straightening the knee. Gymnastics or gymnastics will be useful if you already have varicose veins and are a great way to avoid it. It is desirable to avoid wearing shoes with very high heels which the height is more than 6 see Also important that your shoes are generally comfortable and does not interfere with the circulation of the blood. An excellent complement to a comfortable shoe when the varicose veins is compression.

Very effective, as in the varicose veins as well as the prevention of foot massage. Its fashionable look and yourself, but even better to entrust this task to a professional masseurs who are familiar with the anatomical structure and the physiological characteristics of blood vessels venous. Of course, the difficult year physically and financially costly to go to a massage therapist, so it's quite normal to follow the course of massage two times per year, and the rest of the time doing a daily self-massage. Also, keep in general to the state of their feet, keep them clean, avoid cracks, scratches and abrasion, which promote the penetration of the infection. It is desirable for every evening, make feet soothing baths with the extract of pine, after which you can coat the legs tonic soothing skin cream. Give up bad habits, it would be beneficial for the whole organism in general, and will contribute to the prevention of varicose veins.